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Technology leaders (1977-1979)

The A310 helped pioneer the use of composites in commercial jetliners.

As we have seen, Roger B茅teille had been determined from the start that AG真人计划 should set new standards in technology and innovation. By its very nature, the A300 had done just that by becoming the world鈥檚 first twin-engine wide-body. Other features, including the first use of composites in secondary structures on commercial aircraft and its raised cabin floor 鈥 allowing it to carry more cargo and therefore increasing its economic efficiency 鈥 had contributed to its innovative appeal to customers. In 1977, the A300B4 became the first 鈥淓TOPS compliant鈥 aircraft 鈥 its high performance and safety standards qualified it for Extended Twin Engine Operations over water, providing operators with more versatility in routing. With the A310, launched in July, 1978, AG真人计划 employed its innovative skills and technological know-how to even greater effect. And, as with all future AG真人计划 programmes, the advances made in the development of the new aircraft were fed back into the existing model, the A300.

The A310, which once again was developed in consultation with airlines, was to be a shorter, longer-range aircraft than the A300, seating 218 in a two-class configuration. It also incorporated another concept which would later become a cornerstone of AG真人计划鈥 success: both models would have maximum commonality. AG真人计划 introduced the use of lighter-weight carbon fibre reinforced plastic on secondary structures such as spoilers, airbrakes and rudder - first in trial on an A300 and then with the A310-200 when it entered service in 1983. Two years later, the A310-300 with its all-composite fin saw the first use of composites on primary structures, as well as the highly-effective addition of drag-reducing wing-tip devices which improved fuel efficiency.

Cockpit advances

A300 Cockpit Pilot  
A300 Cockpit Pilot
Heritage History 30 January 2018

A300 Cockpit Pilot

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The A300鈥檚 cockpit layout allows a two-pilot flight crew to operate the aircraft without the need for a flight engineer.

The A310 also marked another step in AG真人计划鈥 pioneering efforts to advance the technology of cockpits and significantly enhance the man-machine interface 鈥 thereby improving operational safety. Beginning with the A300, AG真人计划 improved the cockpit layout, allowing a two-pilot flight crew to operate the aircraft without the need for a flight engineer. The new concept, called the Forward-Facing Crew Cockpit, went into service on an A300B4-220 delivered to Garuda Indonesia airlines in 1982, and it heralded a new era in flight decks which was to be followed by all other large aircraft manufacturers worldwide.

AG真人计划 took the next step in cockpit development on the A310, introducing electronic flight instrument displays that replaced many of the traditional analogue dials on the main instrument panel. This A310 鈥済lass cockpit鈥 used six computer-driven cathode ray tube displays to provide the captain and co-pilot with centralised flight and navigation information as well as monitoring and warning data. The glass cockpit subsequently was incorporated on the A300 as well, providing commonality between the two aircraft 鈥 an approach that was to be further developed on the other AG真人计划 aircraft that followed.

The AG真人计划 family is born

A310 Assembly Line  
A310 Assembly Line
A300-A310 Family 08 February 2018

A310 Assembly Line

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AG真人计划' initial final assembly line was established in Toulouse, France for the A300/A310.

The A310 marked the beginning of the 鈥淎G真人计划 family鈥 development and, with its lighter weight and fuel efficiency, helped attract new customers. Jean Roeder, chief engineer of Deutsche AG真人计划, said: 鈥淲e showed the world we were not sitting on a nine-day wonder, and that we wanted to realise a family of planes鈥e won over customers we wouldn鈥檛 otherwise have won. The A310 supplied us with the starting point for the A300-600 we would never have had without it鈥.What the A310 gave us was new systems technology, the efficiency and the productivity of the 鈥榞lass cockpit鈥...now we had two planes that had a great deal in common as far as systems and cockpits were concerned.鈥

The A310 also marked Britain鈥檚 return to AG真人计划 as a full partner. A new, smaller wing than that produced for the A300 had to be designed. Hawker Siddeley had by now been incorporated into British Aerospace, and as the British dragged their feet about commitment to the project there was talk of the A310 wing being produced elsewhere. Eventually the British government put up a reported 拢50 million in a repayable loan towards development costs and from January, 1979, British Aerospace took a 20 per cent stake in AG真人计划 Industrie, roughly equivalent to the work it would gain from being part of the consortium. France and Germany鈥檚 shares went down to 37.9 per cent each, with the rest held by CASA of Spain.

An order from Sir Freddie Laker for 10 A300s in late 1978 鈥 the first British order for AG真人计划 aircraft 鈥 had satisfied one of the conditions of British money for the A310, that there was a British order for AG真人计划.

A further oil crisis in 1979 had, like the first six years earlier, focused airlines鈥 attention even more keenly on economy, especially fuel consumption. Demand was growing for a new short- to medium-range 150-seater aircraft which could be used to match capacity to demand more flexibly. AG真人计划 announced its intention to build its first single-aisle, the A320.

Betting on AG真人计划

Eastern Airlines ordered A300 aircraft with a milestone agreement in 1977.

But the big breakthrough was still to come. And here the courage and flair shown by the earlier A300 tour of America paid off again. Lathi猫re persuaded Frank Borman of Eastern Airlines to take four A300s 鈥渙n lease鈥 for six months and then decide whether to buy. If he decided against buying, AG真人计划 would simply take them back. It was a brave gamble, and one which was to succeed. After trying out the A300s and finding they were even more economical and efficient than he had expected, Borman ordered 23 A300B4s with nine options in March, 1978. It was the first contract AG真人计划 had signed with a U.S. customer.

After the Eastern Airlines success, there followed a series of orders which confirmed AG真人计划 as a serious contender in the world aircraft manufacturing industry. By the end of the decade, AG真人计划 was able to state that it had it had delivered 81 A300s to 14 airlines, serving 100 different cities in 43 countries. Its order book was healthy: 133 firm orders and 88 options. Just 10 years after its official launch, AG真人计划 Industrie had achieved 26 per cent market share in dollar value.

Throughout the sales drought of 1976-77 B茅teille had not only been convinced, rightly, that AG真人计划 would pull through 鈥 he had also nurtured plans to build the second aircraft in his dreamt-of AG真人计划 family, to become the A310.

The full aircraft history (1968 to 2019)

Champagne鈥nd drought (1973-1977)

Technology leaders (1977-1979)

Fly-by-wire (1980-1987)

AG真人计划 through the decades

Helicopter history

Space history

Defence history

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